Dimensionality affects extinction of bistable populations

Wednesday, June 16 at 11:30pm (PDT)
Thursday, June 17 at 07:30am (BST)
Thursday, June 17 03:30pm (KST)

SMB2021 SMB2021 Follow Wednesday (Thursday) during the "PS05" time block.
Share this

Yifei Li

Queensland University of Technology
"Dimensionality affects extinction of bistable populations"
The question of whether biological populations survive or are eventually driven to extinction has long been examined using mathematical models. In this work we study population survival or extinction using a stochastic, discrete lattice-based random walk model where individuals undergo movement, birth and death events. The discrete model is defined on a two-dimensional hexagonal lattice with periodic boundary conditions. A key feature of the discrete model is that crowding effects are introduced by specifying two different crowding functions that govern how local agent density influences movement events and birth/death events. The continuum limit description of the discrete model is a nonlinear reaction-diffusion equation, and in this work we focus on crowding functions that lead to linear diffusion and a bistable reaction term that is often associated with the strong Allee effect. Using both the discrete and continuum modelling tools we explore the complicated relationship between the long-term survival or extinction of the population and the initial spatial arrangement of the population. Our results indicate that dimensionality of the initial population distributions affects extinction of bistable populations.

Hosted by SMB2021 Follow
Virtual conference of the Society for Mathematical Biology, 2021.